Narratives of natural disaster survivors in Indonesian media
The case of Tempo magazine
Dubbed as the ‘ring of fire,’, Indonesian territories have witnessed many forms of natural disasters such as volcano eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis, which had been widely reported in the mass media. While the media has reported the scale of destruction and number of casualties caused by those disasters, they have also narrated dramatic recounts of the survivors. Imbued with spectacular imagery, the media seek to appeal to the audiences emotionally and evoke sentiments of solidarity as well as humanitarian actions. Employing a textual analysis of media reports in Indonesia, particularly from the weekly news magazine Tempo, this study explores the way in which the media frame the narratives of the survivors of natural disasters (volcano eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis) across Indonesia. Although the media are expected to report events objectively, this study demonstrates the affective element in the practice of journalism on natural disasters. Therefore, this study will contribute to the growing research on the relationship between media and disasters, particularly in the context of a disaster-prone country such as Indonesia. In particular, it will contribute to the body of journalism research which looks at the role of narrating the human subject in tragic events such as natural disasters.
Anderson, T. (2011). Foreword. In M. H. Masse, Trauma journalism: On deadline in harm’s way. (pp. viii-ix). New York & London: Continuum.
Arif, A. (2010). Jurnalisme bencana, bencana Jurnalisme: Kesaksian dari tanah bencana. Jakarta: KPG in cooperation with Tembi, Tifa and LSPP.
Boltanski, L. (1999). Distant suffering: Politics, morality and media. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Chouliaraki, L. (2006). The spectatorship of suffering. London, UK: Sage Publications.
Conboy, M. (2007). The language of the news. London & New York: Routledge.
Greenberg, S. (2012). Slow journalism in the digital fast lane. In R. L. Keeble & J. Tulloch (eds.), Global literary journalism: Exploring the journalistic imagination. (pp.381-390). New York, NY: Peter Lang.
Hanusch, F. (2010). Representing death in the news: Journalism, media and mortality. New York: Palgrave McMillan.
Harsono, A. (2005). Media bias in covering the tsunami in Aceh. Nieman Reports. Spring, 69-73.
Holsti, R. O. (1969). Content analysis for the social sciences and humanities. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publication.
Joye, S. (2014). Media and disasters: Demarcating an emerging and interdisciplinary area of research. Sociology Compass, 8(8), 993-1003.
Krippendorf, K. (2004). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. London: Sage Publications.
Kyle, G. (2012) The frontline in our backyard: Journalists as first responders. In M. Steffens, L. Wilkins, F. Vultee, E.
Thorson, G. Kyle & K. Collins (Eds.), Reporting Disaster on Deadline. (pp. 81-92). London, UK; & New York, NY: Routledge.
Masse, M. H. (2011). Trauma journalism: On deadline in harm’s way. New York & London: Continuum.
Moeller, S.D. (1999). Compassion fatigue: How the media sell disease, famine, war and death. London & New York: Routledge.
Pantti, M., Wahl-Jorgensen, K., Cottle, S. (2012). Disasters and the media. New York: Peter Lang.
Richardson, J. E. (2005). Narrative. In B. Franklin, M. Hamer, M. Hanna, M. Kinsey & J.E. Richardson (Eds.). Key concepts in journalism studies. (pp.157-59). London, UK: Sage.
Schlele, J. (1996). Reinterpretation of mystical traditions: Explanations of a volcanic eruption in Java. Anthropos, 91, 391-409.
Sontag, S. (2003). Regarding the pain of others. London, UK: Penguin Books.
Steele, J. (2005). Wars within: The story of Tempo, an independent magazine in Soeharto’s Indonesia. Jakarta & Singapore: Equinox and ISEAS.
Steffens, M. (2012). Covering disasters without becoming one. In M. Steffens, L. Wilkins, F. Vultee, E. Thorson, G. Kyle & K. Collins (Eds.), Reporting disaster on deadline. (pp. 1-12). London, UK; & New York, NY: Routledge.
Setiyarso, B. & Redaksi, KPG. (2011). Cerita di balik dapur Tempo, 40 Tahun (1971-2011). Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia bekerjasama dengan Majalah Tempo.
Van Dijk, T. (1988). New analysis: Case studies of international and national in the press. New Jersey, NJ: Lawrence Erlabum Associates.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors submitting articles for publication warrant that the work is not an infringement of any existing copyright and will indemnify the publisher against any breach of such warranty. By publishing in Pacific Journalism Review, the author(s) agree to the dissemination of their work through Pacific Journalism Review and on the PJR databases.
By publishing in Pacific Journalism Review, the authors grant the Journal a Creative Commons nonexclusive worldwide license for electronic dissemination of the article via the internet, and, a nonexclusive right to license others to reproduce, republish, transmit, and distribute the content of the journal. The authors grant the Journal the right to transfer content (without changing it), to any medium or format necessary for the purpose of preservation.
Authors agree that the Journal will not be liable for any damages, costs, or losses whatsoever arising in any circumstances from its services, including damages arising from the breakdown of technology and difficulties with access.