Minor Parties, ER Policy, and the 2020 Election

  • Julienne Molineaux
  • Peter Skilling
Keywords: elections, policy, minor parties, employment relations, New Zealand politics


Since New Zealand adopted the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) representation electoral system in 1996, neither of the major parties has been able to form a government without the support of one or more minor parties. Understanding the ways in which Employment Relations (ER) policy might develop after the election, thus, requires an exploration of the role of the minor parties likely to return to parliament. In this article, we offer a summary of the policy positions and priorities of the three minor parties currently in parliament (the ACT, Green and New Zealand First parties) as well as those of the Māori Party. We place this summary within a discussion of the current volatile political environment to speculate on the degree of power that these parties might have in possible governing arrangements and, therefore, on possible changes to ER regulation in the next parliamentary term.

How to Cite
Molineaux, J., & Skilling, P. (2020). Minor Parties, ER Policy, and the 2020 Election. New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, 45(1), 14-30. https://doi.org/10.24135/nzjer.v45i1.14