He Tamaiti Tapu - a Māori principle-based framework: Responsive caregiving in the early childhood context
This literature review is based around a principle-based model of well-being. He Tamaiti Tapu, developed by the author. This model is child centred and focuses on the principles of mana, mauri, wairua and whakapapa, being underpinned by the notion of tapu as “being with potentiality for power... It is the sacred life force that reflects the state of the whole person (Mead, 2003, p. 32). The opening statement of the early childhood curriculum Te Whāriki supports Mead saying, “all children are born with immense potential” (Ministry of Education, 2017, p. 2) Each of these principles are innate gifts speaking to the regard and high esteem in which young children are held and assist in drawing out the potentiality of each child.
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